espite a record crop of 736,000 bales, Pima cotton has become a scarce commodity. As one
spinner put it: “Pima is in very short supply right now. So if you don’t have Pima, you’re not
getting it, not good-quality Pima.”
“US Pima is basically sold out as of [the] first of April,” said Rodger Glaspey, president of
Fresno, Calif.-based Dunavant of California.
This year’s crop was a record in terms of yield, due in part to good weather throughout the
growing season. However, late-season rains in California’s San Joaquin Valley resulted in a higher
than normal percentage of lower grades.
Over the last five years, Pima cotton exports have ranged from 400,000 bales to this year’s
projected 800,000 bales. Between 1999 and 2003, US Pima exports have averaged 492,000 running
bales; domestic use, 106,000.
Supply And Demand
Glaspey credits the demand to a combination of growing consumer preference for higher-end,
fine-count yarns and very competitively priced Pima due to the export subsidy.
“Domestically, US spinners will use between 50,000 and 60,000 bales, and exports will be
close to 750,000,” said Jarral Neeper, vice president of marketing for Bakersfield, Calif.-based
Calcot Ltd. “Total off-take of Pima should exceed 800,000 bales. Ending US stocks will be less than
30,000 bales. This is one of the tightest situations ever.”
The worldwide supply/ demand situation of extra-long staple (ELS) cottons also is extremely
tight. The total world carryout of all ELS varieties is estimated to be about 900,000 bales, one of
the smallest on record. This compares to total world consumption of roughly 4 million bales.
Pima and ELS cotton is grown in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, but the lion’s share comes
from the San Joaquin Valley. Another major source for ELS cotton is Egypt.
Glaspey expects a 10- to 15-percent increase in planted US Pima acreage this year, weather
permitting. Pima requires a significantly longer growing period than conventional upland cottons.
If producers can’t get it in the ground by late April, they will switch to planting upland
This year, Pakistan leads the top five leading Pima importers with purchases of 182,200 bales.
China, India, Japan and Taiwan follow with purchases of 116,000 bales, 76,200 bales, 72,300 bales
and 59,800 bales, respectively. These nations account for 67.3 percent of export-based purchases of
US Pima made to date this year, according to Phoenix, Ariz.-based Supima, the promotional group for
US Pima growers. In 2004, the largest buyer was Pakistan, followed by China, Japan and Peru.
“A shift is taking place,” Glaspey said. “We see some of our traditional customers — Japan,
Italy and Switzerland, as well as the United States — [have shrunk] in the last three to four
seasons. The markets that have really been on the rise, as far as spinning fine counts, have been
Pakistan in particular, [and] China, Indonesia and India.”
Pima products have traditionally included fine shirting, sheeting and high-end knit apparel.
Recently, the fiber has moved into other product categories including towels and even denim.
“The Supima organization has done a tremendous job of promoting and leveraging the product
lines,” Neeper said. “They have done a great job inculcating the consumer with the message that
Supima cotton represents luxury and quality.”
The name Supima®, an abbreviation for superior Pima, is a licensed trademark owned by Supima.
The brand is used to promote textile and apparel products made of 100-percent US Pima cotton.
“With today’s trend toward luxury goods, the consumer is looking for high quality and is
willing to pay for it,” said Buxton Midyette, marketing director, Supima. “Consumers are really
beginning to pay attention to the fiber content of what they buy — what fiber is used and the
quality of that fiber.”
Another recent trend for Pima is a move into coarser-count yarns.
“A lot of Pima is going into the lower counts that have traditionally been the playground of
upland cotton,” Glaspey said. “We’ve heard of Pima being spun all the way down to the Ne 20s to Ne
40s. Pima is traditionally used to [spin] Ne 50s to Ne 100s yarns.”