The Rupp Report: Broken Financial And Bonus System

In the January 2008 Rupp Report, ”
Monopoly To The Real World
,” I made several statements that are excerpted below:

“Making a lot of money is a new game: gambling at the stock exchange. Banks have become
bigger and bigger and made a fortune by buying and selling shares. With the increasing income of
the people more money has been available and the banks and private traders have encouraged people
to do the same.”

“In modern times, CEOs, COOs or managing directors are leading the listed companies working
with somebody else’s money. If they win, they get big bonuses; if they lose, probably a golden
parachute is waiting. … Who cares for the people?

“When I was a boy, my favorite game at home was Monopoly. It … was a big pleasure for a
whole weekend to buy and sell with fake money houses and hotels. Some time ago, people started to
do the same, buying houses. But this time it was the real world. However, it seems that people and
the banks forgot to consider that this time it was real money. The end of the story is very
well-known. The global economic system is jeopardized.”

“After wasting billions and billions, the same people are now crying for help. … And who’s
paying the bill?”

Who Rules The World?

But today, it’s worse than ever. Sometimes I think I’m in the wrong movie and follow this
scandal with growing anger and frustration. Many years ago, a Swiss comedian was asked what is the
most frightening thing for him. He answered then that he was scared to know that only maybe 50
people rule the world. In October 2008, the same question applies: How can a few people make so
much money over the years in an obvious financial snowball system, selling and moving money and bad
credits from one place to the next one?

Virtual Benefits

“Money” is probably the wrong term in this real world’s game – “virtual money” might be
better. And now, after the snowball system collapsed like every other snowball system in history,
the same few people ask for governmental support without moral qualms or hesitation. “Few people”
is probably inaccurate; more precisely, it should say “five firms” – Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs,
Merrill Lynch, Lehman Brothers and Bear Stearns. One can add some “true” banks like United
States-based Citigroup Inc. or Switzerland-based UBS. However, the five firms orchestrated the way,
led by former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan. He turned the world upside down with his
ever-so-positive speeches and estimates, accelerating the money carrousel. Just before he realized
that his strategy was totally obsolete, Greenspan left the sinking ship in glory.

Dominos Or Monopoly?

To make sure that everything’s OK for the near future, the five firms succeeded in making
Hank Paulson, an ex-employee of Goldman Sachs, the US treasury secretary. When the bubble exploded
after the Bear Stearns fiasco, every banker in the world said “no problem.” However, everybody
knows what has happened in recent months: system failure. Now, Paulson has started another game –
this time, let’s call it Dominos, financial Dominos. By pumping billions and billions of US dollars
into a rotten system, he started the worldwide Dominos game, pushing many countries to support
their collapsed banking system too.

Employee Compensation Before Shareholder Value

It must have been all smiles these days on the faces of the leading bankers around the
world, when Paulson started the Dominos game with the injection of $250 billion in cash into US
banks, mainly to the firms. Morgan Stanley’s stock market value has dropped to $21 billion, losing
$34.7 billion since the start of the fiscal year. In spite of that, Morgan Stanley paid $10.7
billion in employee compensation this year, almost twice as much as its pretax earnings. However,
the majority of this remuneration hasn’t been paid yet. Goldman Sachs, Paulson’s old firm, got $10
billion. Since the start of its fiscal year, Goldman Sachs has paid $11.4 billion in compensation
expense; this is almost twice as much as its $5.9 billion in pretax earnings. During the same time,
the firm’s market capitalization dropped by $41.7 billion to the $57.7 billion. To sum up, the most
benefited five Wall Street firms have lost some $83 billion since the start of fiscal year 2004.
During the same period, they reported some $239 billion in employee compensation. So, for every
dollar they destroyed, the staff got paid nearly three times as much.

And, especially for shareholders, don’t forget the sentence mentioned above: “If they win,
they get big bonuses; if they lose, probably a golden parachute is waiting.” The parachute is
reality: Goldman Sachs’ CEO Lloyd Blankfein got a $70.3 million payment; and Richard Fuld, CEO of
Lehman Brothers, got $34.4 million. However, Morgan Stanley’s John Mack received only $1.6 million,

Now there are only two firms left – Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley – not to mention
Citigroup, another bank in trouble. Citigroup got an injection of $25 billion from Paulson, and
reported $139.3 billion in compensation expenses since the start of 2004. This is more than double
its $62.8 billion in pretax earnings. At the same time, the market value dropped by about $168
billion to $82 billion. Are you fed up with digits now? Me too.

However the injections will not have the slightest change, as long as the same people are on
top of the world banks. Last year, ex-AAA Swiss bank UBS paid some 12 billion Swiss francs in
so-called bonuses to its staff. Recently, the new president of UBS, a bank that also lost some
double-digit billions of Swiss francs, was asked if with this bad performance he will stop making
these payments. No, he said, we have to remain an attractive bank for hard-working bankers, and
payments of double-digit millions of Swiss francs are still possible. And who’s paying the bill?
Now it’s clear: Main Street.

October 28, 2008