This pocket-sized yarn manufacturing handbook explains the spinning process in both basic and
Topics include carding, doubling and drawing, combing, and various spinning methods. Fancy yarn techniques and automation of transportation and packing operations also are covered.
From history and definitions to properties and manufacturing methods, this pocket-sized reference
book is full of information on both natural and man-made fibers.
The book is divided into two sections -- Section A contains basic information for people new to the field, while Section B contains more advanced information.
Since 1990, there has been considerable changes in the nature of the fibers being produced, the
production methods and in consumers values and expectations.
The march of high-tech fibers has continued with an ever-increasing sub-division to meet the specialised applications, as in high-performance, high-function and high-sense fibers.
New research and development has produced fibers with high tenacity and modulus to give the super-fibers now used as industrial materials. Ultrafine fibers can emulate the functionality and ambience of biological fibers. Synthetic cellulosics have made a particular resurgence since 1990, and the various solvent-spun fibers are now making a great impact on the market. They now offer the processability of synthetics along with the in-built advantages of natural cotton.
If you think fiber technology is a mature technology, this new book may change your mind. It examines many new high-performance, application-specific synthetic fibers recently introduced. Included are details of chemistry, research and development, properties and performance, processing, and specific industrial, consumer and medical applications. This extensive survey of new fibers and fiber technology serves the information needs of all those involved in the development and commercialization of new and improved fibers.
Yarn Texturing Technology covers all the major techniques including twist-texturing, jet-screen texturing, false-twist process, BCF processes and air-jet texturing in detail. Combining a comprehensive review of the physics and chemistry of texturing with a thorough, illustrated description of current practice, this book will be invaluable for yarn and fabric manufacturers, textile scientists and students in textile science and technology courses.
The book covers fundamentals of fibre finish science, such as theories of friction; laboratory testing of formulations, from preliminary component evaluation to analyses for material characterization; and the influence of wetting, emulsification and finish distribution on coatings.
Carbon Fibers and their Composites offers a comprehensive look at the specific manufacturing of carbon fibers into the growing surge of diverse applications which includes flameproof materials, catalysts, protective coatings, biomedical and prosthetics applications, textiles, thermal insulation, batteries and fuel cells, activated carbon filters, musical instruments, alternative energy, construction, and automotive applications.
An analysis of polymer and composite rheology. This second edition covers flow properties of thermoplastic and thermoset polymers, and general principles and applications of all phases of polymer rheology, with new chapters on the rheology of particulate and fibre composites. It also includes new and expanded detail on polymer blends and emulsions, foams, reacting systems, and flow through porous media as well as composite processing operations.
Although none of the luxury fibers, including silk, is produced in large quantities, their
particular and unique qualities of fineness, softness, and warmth give them a important place in
the luxury apparel and fine furnishing trades. This book covers all aspects of the growth, physical
characteristics, production, marketing and consumption of silk, mohair, cashmere, camelhair,
Alpaca, Llama, Vicuna, Guanaco, Yak, and Musk Ox fibers.
The image of these fabrics is of course all important and the book describes in detail those rare occasions when a lower priced and lower quality version of a luxury fiber has damaged its overall reputation. In addition, the book explores the increase in applications within the technical textiles sector where their high performance thermal properties and bio-mimetic qualities in particular, are very useful.
Regenerated Cellulose Fibres provides full coverage of the chemistry, physics, process technology,
applications, and markets for man-made cellulosic fibres. It examines the properties and
manufacture of viscose rayon, cuppramonium rayon, and the new solvent-spun fibres and considers
their relationship with the natural and synthetic fibres.
This overview of the only truly naturally recyclable fibres and of the manufacturing techniques under development will be of interest to professionals in textile production, research and development, manufacturing chemists and textile technologists.
A new work in the series which already includes books on wool, cotton, silk and luxury fibers,
regenerated cellulose, bast and other plant and high performance fibers, this book examines fibers
generated entirely from chemicals.
Authors examine nylon, polyester, acrylic and polyolefin fiber, which have a wide range of applications, including clothing, soft furnishing, flooring and geotextiles.
Synthetic Fibers discusses chemical intermediates; polymerization techniques; production techniques; dyeing, and physical, chemical and structural properties.
Until 100 years ago, natural fibers such as cotton, wool and silk were commonly used in engineering
applications. The introduction of manufactured fibers such as rayon, acetate, nylon, and polyester
offered superior technical properties for industrial applications. A similar replacement of natural
and regenerated fibers by synthetic fibers occurred in most technical textiles.
High Performance Fibres covers the development of second- and third-generation high-performance fibers. The book discusses the aramid copolymer, melt-spun fully aromatic polyester, and Russian fibers. It describes gel-spinning and an alternative method of solid-state processing and features polymeric and inorganic high-performance, high-tenacity fibers. The book goes on to describe the new generation of fibers with thermal or chemical resistance.
High-performance fibers are used increasingly for a wide range of applications including geotextiles and geomembranes for construction and civil engineering, as well as specialist fibers within composite materials where their ability to fulfill demanding roles makes them an effective choice for the engineer and materials scientist.
With applications in the aerospace, automotive, defense, sports sector, geo-textiles, and medical industries, hi-tech fibers will become more relevant as this century progresses. This book distinguishes its leading luminaries such as high-function, carbon, high-feeling, intelligent, super, nutritional, and hydrocolloid fibers and examines the research and commercialization arena between Europe, Japan and the U.S. New Millennium Fibers is a groundbreaking work of reference for the fiber scientist and industrialist.
This book was originally published in Japanese by the Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan, in order to present a thorough scientific and technological review of advances in fiber production, and is now published in English.
In addition to providing an extensive review of recent breakthroughs in fiber spinning technology, this popular book illustrates how R&D can pay off in terms of commercial success in the textiles marketplace.
This work examines the science and technology used in the manufacture of acrylic fibre for both
mass-produced commodity products and premium products. It elucidates the chemistry and fibre
production techniques of speciality acrylics such as flame-retardant, water-reversible bicomponent,
producer dyed and others.
Capacity figures for developing countries are published here.
This work is intended for: polymer, fibre and textile scientists, chemists and engineers; physical and dye chemists; textile company managers; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
Based on more than 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science &
Technology, Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles contains more than 1,500 scanning
electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information.
The explanatory text presents fibre and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.
This title offers comprehensive coverage of the most important natural and synthetic fibers used in consumer goods, agriculture, industry, medicine, and engineering. The second edition provides entirely new coverage of topics such as vinyl fibers; mammalian fibers related to wool; cotton, jute, silk, and kenaf fibers; and acrylic fibers.
This is the first book devoted to the design and manufacture of complex yarns. It describes the
major yarn types, structures, and manufacturing processes. It provides a detailed analysis of all
types of fancy yarns, not only in terms of the technical requirements for production, but also in
relation to their impact on fabric and garment design and the marketing effort required to place
them within the market.
The text is well illustrated with diagrams, drawings, and both black and white and color photographs of yarn structures and the equipment used to create them. It contains close-ups of the yarns with an analysis showing how appearance and texture can be varied by changing the feedstock or machine settings.
Fancy Yarns: Their Manufacture and Application is a perfect resource for industrial textile technologists including spinners, knitters and weavers, fabric and garment manufacturers, students of textile technology and design and curators and conservationists of textile and costume collections.