Switzerland - An Enigma?
The Swiss economy continues to be strong, and the country's textile machinery manufacturers are well-prepared for the future.
Jürg Rupp, Executive Editor
After ITMA 2011 and ITMA Asia + CITME 2012, the Swiss manufacturers of textile machinery and auxiliaries expressed in many discussions their overall satisfaction with their recent economic situation. In spite of the euro crisis and some problems in Asia, particularly in China, the Swiss textile machinery manufacturers are well-prepared for the future.
As of TextileWorld.com 's press time, there are no firm figures for the full year 2012 available for the Swiss economy and the textile machinery industry. In November 2012, overall Swiss foreign trade grew exceptionally well. According to the Swiss Federal Customs Administration, exports rose within a year by 5.1 percent in spite of a very strong Swiss franc, while imports rose 5.4 percent. The overall trade surplus for November alone was more than 2.9 billion Swiss francs — the second-highest monthly surplus ever — and for January to November 2012, it was 23.5 billion Swiss francs. Export sales increased in November, varying by industry.
For 2012, the gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated to have grown by some 0.9 to 1.0 percent. The Swiss economy is supported by robust domestic demand, especially in construction, retail and insurance sectors. However, it is characterized by difficulties in almost all export sectors, which are jeopardized by the strong Swiss franc.
Imports increased in all main groups except capital goods. Especially strong was the 25-percent increase for energy. Raw materials and semi-finished goods imports rose by 4.7 percent. Consumer goods imports increased 5.2 percent on average, including pharmaceutical products, which increased 25 percent.
The situation in Europe remains insecure for all Swiss companies, including those in the textile machinery industry. Experts predict that the European debt crisis will last at least another two or three years. According to economiesuisse, the eurozone will have negative growth in 2012 and 2013 of -0.4 percent and -0.5 percent, respectively. economiesuisse is the largest umbrella lobby organization in the Swiss economy. It represents more than 100,000 companies that employ a total of 2 million workers.
Where Are The Markets?
Based on statistics reported for January to November 2012, exports to EU countries decreased slightly by 0.1 percent. Other regions present a very different picture: exports to Oceania and Latin America grew by 7.4 percent and 12.1 percent, respectively; to North America, by 13.3 percent; and to Africa, by 5.1 percent. One may be surprised to learn that exports to Asia grew only by 3.4 percent. For the month of November alone, exports to the EU increased 1.1 percent; Oceania, 22.4 percent; Latin America, 18.4 percent; North America, 16.6 percent; Africa, 14.0 percent; and Asia, 8.7 percent.
The main reason for the relatively small increase in Asia is the fact that many Swiss producers have opened their own companies in Asia. This is very much the case for the Swiss textile machinery industry. Virtually all important Swiss textile machinery suppliers have their own production sites in Asia, mostly in China or India.
As mentioned before, in general, the Swiss textile machinery industry is looking forward to a promising future. All companies interviewed for this report declared that they are more or less happy with the year 2012. The first six months were rather difficult, but the second half was much better, itema reported. Remo Dähler, head of sales, Calorifer AG, mentioned that the company's Steinemann Central Vacuum Systems business enjoyed a very good year in 2012.
Top exporting countries and regions for the Swiss manufacturers are China, India, Brazil, Southeast Asia and Turkey. Also important are Japan, Egypt, Bangladesh and the United States; and, for itema, even Indonesia. However, mentioned Ralph von Arx, managing director of Retech AG, "for us, as an OEM, the most important countries are Europe and the U.S." Other countries he named were Germany and Vietnam.
Some companies have top sellers. Others, like Crealet AG and Calorifer, offer custom-built solutions. itema mentioned its new R9500 rapier weaving machine is very much in demand. In addition, the Silver Dynaterry rapier weaving machine is claimed to be itema's best-selling machine for terry fabrics. Retech mentioned that thanks to the ever-increasing importance of technical yarns, its heated godets for technical yarns are very much in demand. For Rieter, ring and, even more, compact spinning are products that are in very high demand, as are air-jet machines and complete installations. Reinhard Furrer from Stäubli AG mentioned that automatic drawing-in machines are very much in demand because delivery times are getting shorter and these machines support short production cycle times. Jacquard machines are also having great success, as the demand for top-quality fabrics is still a trend.
To present the versatility of the Swiss textile machinery industry and its peripheral sectors, TW invited the members of the Swiss Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Industries' (SWISSMEM's) Textile Machinery Division to take part in a country overview. The results are published in Table 1 (a link to Table 1 can be found at the bottom of the webpage).
For 2013, the experts, including economiesuisse, predict GDP growth of some 0.6 percent. However, there are significant differences among the sectors: The watch industry, of course, pharmaceuticals and aviation should be the winners. On the other hand, industry sectors like mechanical, electrical and metal; but also other sectors such as textiles, paper and the plastics industries will continue to suffer from the crisis in the eurozone.
The Swiss textile machinery manufacturers are confident about 2013, but they have certain reservations; the same or even better results than they had in 2012 should be possible for most of them. Rieter says that if the euro crisis ends, the European economy will generate further demand.
The promising markets for 2013 are more or less the same as in 2012: Asia in general but particularly China and India; Brazil, Turkey; the United States; and the EU.
It seems quite clear for the Swiss that textile mass production will move further toward Asia, but also to Latin America and North Africa. On the other hand, the demand for technical fabrics will grow further in Western countries. As Rieter mentions: "Markets will stay dynamic and volatile. Flexibility and speed will remain very important. Asia with its domestic growth has high potential."
And what is the secret of success for Switzerland? For decades, the unemployment rate has been between 2.5 and 3.0 percent. Swiss people tend to be very independent — this is probably one of the reasons the country is still not part of the EU. As citizens of a country with limited natural resources, the Swiss are hard workers. They know very well that success will only come with hard work and top products. This is also the case for Swiss textile machinery. For 2013, economiesuisse predicts an unemployment rate of 3.3 percent. This is still very good compared to other nations. After all, there is no enigma: the recipe is very simple: Don't talk — work!
February 19, 2013
Table 1: Traditional & Industrial Textile Applications