The Rupp Report: The Global Cotton Industry In Search Of A New Approach
Jürg Rupp, Executive Editor
Upside Down In Fiber Consumption
For many decades, cotton was the undisputed leader in terms of global fiber consumption. Its position has changed drastically since the mid-1960s, when man-made fibers started their triumphal procession to the top. For decades, the fiber consumption ratio was 50:50 natural fibers — mainly, cotton — to man-made fibers. Today, the consumption ratio is some 75-percent man-made to 25-percent natural fibers. And the upward trend for man-made fibers is continuing for various reasons:
First of all, there is the growing world population. It is a fact that cotton cannot provide enough fiber material for the whole world. Secondly, there is the development of new polymers and fibers — such as microfibers — with improved characteristics. A third trend that is recognizable relates to polyester. This fiber type enjoys growth rates of double digits virtually every year, for staple fibers but mainly for filaments, thanks to the increasing industrial textiles applications. And last, but not least, there is competition for fertile land among some of the major crops of the world: corn, soybeans and cotton.
In times of increased environmental consciousness, and especially in so-called developed countries, people are asking more and more for green or sustainable production. In addition to this increased environmental consciousness, there is the modern generation of communication using social media such as Facebook or others to generate positive or negative images. Due to this fact, big retailers around the world have started to think about "green or sustainable products." Many famous labels are producing and marketing sustainable products, or claiming that their production sites follow sustainable, sound practices. Frankly speaking, many times, after a check by a nongovernmental or other such organization, the results are more wishful thinking than reality. This situation has led to some devastating misunderstandings among the global customers — and a lack of trust.
Examples from the food industry of denial or hiding of information or providing misinformation to the customers demonstrate that it doesn't take long to build up a bad image. And a bad image is the last thing that cotton needs for its future. As J. Berrye Worsham, CEO of Cotton Incorporated, said in his opening presentation: "In the future, the customer will ask you about the background of your cotton." Probably, this is one of the key reasons why everybody started to talk about sustainable products. Just remember social media!
Sustainability is probably one of the key words of the past as well as the current decade. And, more so, sustainability is a word that is subject to misunderstandings. Basically, sustainability has to do with a constant demand for food, fuel and fibers in an environment of limited land and resource availability. Many speakers at the ICAC conference clearly mentioned that sustainability has nothing to do with so-called "green cotton" or whatever that may mean in this context. It is possible to be successful with sustainable textile products even in a high-cost country such as Switzerland. The Switcher label is making a good profit with its cotton products that are produced even under the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) specifications. The speaker from Switcher said that his company is disclosing all audits and specifications, resulting in a positive image and, consequently, a profitable business, which is one of the key points for sustainable production.
Talk To One Another
It was obvious, too, that some conference attendees are afraid of polyester. To the understanding of the Rupp Report, there is no need to be afraid. Polyester is by far not the biggest enemy of the global cotton growers; more damaging are all the misunderstandings that fly around the global media — such as profit is bad, textiles mean child labor, and so on. A way to the future was demonstrated on the last day of the conference. Unfortunately, not many people attended the session, which had a probably misleading title, "Action Steps to a Green Cotton Economy." Chaired by the author, the session was more about what the cotton industry can learn from other sectors. Reinier de Man, a Netherlands-based consultant on sustainable business development, presented an astonishing paper based on his experience with other sectors.
Seven Lessons To Learn
De Man started his presentation by saying that nobody will pay more to the taxi driver because he has a driver's license. Bluntly, this means that, in the long run, nobody is allowed to operate without having sustainability. Furthermore, he mentioned that the cotton community has to learn seven lessons for a fruitful and promising future. Key points are:
- Supply security is the driver, not product marketing.
- It is about competition for land, water, and such.
- Roundtable-based standards are the floor.
- Standards "above floor level" are needed.
- Certification and on-product labeling can (but need not) make sense.
- Leadership of single companies are a major trigger.
- Conversion needs Active Governments.
Time will tell if the message was understood. The global cotton industry needs a new approach. The Rupp Report will come back to this important event in the next few weeks.
October 16, 2012