US-Korean Free Trade Agreement Negotiations Reach Crucial Point
By James A. Morrissey, Washington Correspondent
US and Korean trade negotiators concluded a round of talks in Washington this week and have scheduled what they hope will be a concluding round in Seoul next week. However, the proposed agreement faces several hurdles in both countries. South Korean farmers are opposed to lowering tariffs, and US manufacturers — particularly automobile manufacturers — are pressing for greater market access in exchange for any US tariff reductions. US textile manufacturers and their supporters in Congress are concerned about a surge in imports that could result from the FTA. They are pressing for textile provisions with a strict yarn forward rule of origin without any tariff preference level that would permit a given amount of inputs from nonparticipating countries such as China; strict Customs enforcement to prevent transshipments; an effective safeguard mechanism to address surges, and a long-term gradual phasing out of tariffs — as long as 10 years in some cases.
Two of the textile industry’s strongest supporters, Reps. Howard Coble, R-N.C., and John Spratt, D-S.C., have written to US Trade Representative Susan C. Schwab expressing their concern that a TPA with South Korea “will simply be a one-way street, with a massive flow of Korean textiles, apparel and home furnishings into the United States and no opportunities for US products to be exported to Korea.” They endorsed the US textile industry’s positions with respect to a rule of origin, Customs enforcement, a safeguard mechanism and a lengthy phase-out of tariffs.
Textile manufacturers do not see any upside to the TPA, as South Korea with its robust textile industry already has a $178 million surplus in textiles and apparel trade. Importers, on the other hand, want an agreement with a minimum of restrictions in order to provide them with flexibility in their apparel sourcing.
March 20, 2007